Top 10 Azure Interview Questions
Q1. What is Azure and its core components?
Azure is a cloud computing platform offered by Microsoft. It provides a wide range of services and solutions that enable businesses to build, deploy, and manage applications and services in the cloud. Some of the core components of Azure include virtual machines, storage services, databases, networking services, and application services.
Q2. What is the difference between Azure Service Fabric and Azure Kubernetes Service (AKS)?
Azure Service Fabric and Azure Kubernetes Service (AKS) are both used for container orchestration in Azure. However, Service Fabric is a more comprehensive platform that can manage both containers and stateful services, while AKS is primarily focused on managing containers.
Q3. What is Azure Functions and how does it work?
Azure Functions is a serverless computing platform that enables developers to run code in the cloud without the need for a dedicated server. It works by executing code in response to events, such as HTTP requests or database updates, and automatically scales to handle fluctuations in workload.
Q4. How can you ensure high availability for your application in Azure?
To ensure high availability for an application in Azure, you can use features such as load balancing, auto-scaling, and geo-redundancy. Additionally, you can deploy your application across multiple availability zones or regions to minimize the impact of any potential downtime.
Q5. What is Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) and how is it used?
Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) is a cloud-based identity and access management service provided by Microsoft. It is used to manage user identities and access to resources in the cloud, such as Azure resources, Office 365, and other SaaS applications.
Q6. What is Azure Resource Manager (ARM) and how is it used?
Azure Resource Manager (ARM) is a management layer for Azure that enables users to create, deploy, and manage resources in a consistent and repeatable manner. It provides a unified API for managing resources, as well as a set of tools for automating resource management tasks.
Q7. What are the different types of virtual machines (VMs) available in Azure?
Azure offers a variety of VM types to meet different workload requirements, including general-purpose VMs, memory-optimized VMs, compute-optimized VMs, and storage-optimized VMs. Each VM type is optimized for different types of workloads, such as running applications, processing large datasets, or storing large amounts of data.
Q8. What is Azure DevOps and how is it used?
Azure DevOps is a set of services provided by Microsoft that enable teams to plan, build, test, and deploy software applications in the cloud. It includes a range of tools and services, such as Azure Boards for project management, Azure Repos for source control, and Azure Pipelines for continuous integration and deployment.
Q9. What are the different types of storage options available in Azure?
Azure provides several types of storage services, including Blob storage for unstructured data, File storage for file shares, Queue storage for messaging, and Table storage for NoSQL data. Additionally, Azure offers premium storage options for high-performance workloads.
Q10. What is Azure Site Recovery and how does it work?
Azure Site Recovery is a disaster recovery solution that enables businesses to replicate and recover their on-premises applications and workloads to the cloud. It works by continuously replicating data from the primary site to the secondary site in Azure, and then enabling failover to the secondary site in the event of a disaster.